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Kashmir Issue Easy 2022 | Kashmir Issue and United Nations

Kashmir Issue Essay 2022 | Wars between India and Pakistan

Humanity in Kashmir, a disputed Muslim majority region in Northwest India, has been divested of its basic human rights long before the partition of the subcontinent, in 1947, into two countries; namely India and Pakistan. Western Frontier Province (NWFP) – now KPK- and the mujahedeen of Kashmir, stood up against this inhumane and barbaric approach of India to suppress the people of Kashmir, despite being destitute of moral and legal basis. While the remaining hapless parts of Kashmir, including Jammu, came under the Indian military, which left no stone unturned to suppress the will of the people of Kashmir. And this essay completely elaborates Kashmir issue.

Unfortunately, the whole world is reticent on the poignant outcry and the worst nightmare of the innocents of Kashmir and the issue of Kashmir is not resolved yet, only to perpetuate their economic gains at the cost of humanity.

Brief Notes on Kashmir Issue Essay

Recently, on August 5, 2019, the far-right executive of India denuded the State of Kashmir of its statehood by rescinding Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which had bestowed the special status on the valley of Kashmir as a semi-autonomous region long before the 1940s. As the Indian security establishment was well aware of the repercussions of this annulment, it deluged the Kashmir valley with its military forces turning it into a military zone.

Kashmir is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan. The history of Kashmir is replete with barbaric and inhumane treatment of its citizens first at the hands of Sikhs, later on, the British also joined hands leading to the formation of the bloody nexus between the bloodthirsty Dogra Dynasty and the British Raj. Later on, the Hindus of India under the leadership of Congress also joined this cruel alliance against the public of Kashmir leading to the genocide of the Kashmiris. In the words of an Indian author and activist, Arundhati Roy:

“How carelessly imperial power vivisected ancient civilizations. Palestine and Kashmir are imperial Britain’s festering, blood-drenched gifts to the modern world.”

Since 1989, as the public in Kashmir picked up arms against the Indian invaders, violence in Kashmir has left at least 40,000 dead and even some human rights groups report this figure above 100,000. The people of Kashmir are suffering at the hands of the atrocious forces of India since 1947.

United Nations and Kashmir Issue

United Nations has passed resolutions asking for a plebiscite in Kashmir, leading its denizens to decide their fate which is the most suitable option for the dismal crisis of Kashmir. But since 1948, the time when the first resolution was passed by United Nations to solve the Kashmir conundrum, India has been sceptical to hold a plebiscite as it fears that the demotic affiliations are with Pakistan and it has declared Kashmir as its internal issue, barring all international groups from taking part in the solution of the dilemma of the Valley. But, Pakistan has seconded the motives of the Kashmiri people at each forum and has riveted the attention of the world community to the agonies of Kashmir.

Pakistan considers Kashmir as its part due to the majority of the Muslim population there, and also because Maharaja Hari Singh had contended to join Pakistan. But, later on, Indians forced him to announce the annexation of Kashmir to India, despite his prior

endorsement to join Pakistan. And, it was a matter of Pakistan and the Maharaja Hari Singh, but India chimed in breaking all moral and legal barriers.

Moreover, retrospectively, the position of Pakistan has been contrived by its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who once stated:

“ Kashmir is the jugular vein of Pakistan. And no nation can allow its jugular vein to be held by the enemy.”

Kashmir is one of the gravest smouldering military zones in the world. But the issue becomes more grave when considering the nuclear arsenals of both neighbours. And due to Kashmir, both the states have fought four wars and Pakistan has also suffered at the hands of India as she lost East Pakistan in 1971 when General Ameer Abdullah Khan Niazi surrendered along with his forces to General Jagjeet Singh Arora in Dhaka, paving the way for the establishment of Bangladesh.

Moreover, the Kashmir issue has led to economic stagnation in both countries, while, often they have to face recession during the days of intensity on borders. Historically, the Indian subcontinent has been considered a golden sparrow of the world but now, more than half of the population of the subcontinent is living under the line of poverty and this has thrived the ultra-nationalist and far-right movements in the region like the accession of Mr Modi on the throne of India, yearning to establish a theocratic Hindutva state. This far-right attitude is gaining ground in all communities in India as well as Pakistan and also, in Kashmir.

War Between India and Pakistan on Kashmir Issue

As, war can never be a solution to any problem and the history of both countries; Pakistan and India, has much to show in favour of this assertion, as the four wars have gotten them nowhere except more poverty, suffering, atrocities, economic stagnation and all such demons which appear resuscitated during such egregious situations around the globe.

So, the people of Kashmir must be given the right to decide the fate of their turf as they are no more in a quandary, being their lofty ideology carried on by their ancestors by cultivating it with their blood and sweat. There must be no kerfuffle. They have a clear sense of their milieu as well as ideology. So, they must be given their right to independence as per International Law and the resolutions of the United Nations. It’s not an arcane demand, as the right of independence is being exercised by all nations in the world of the 21st Century.

The world has been demonstrating culpable negligence, which must not be perpetuated, otherwise, if a war erupts in this region, fraught with nuclear weapons, the world will rue the days of its preposterous smug, as it heeds no voice from the Global South, except its economic interests, which reeks of its venal approach to human rights. In the rarefied wordings of an Indian author:

“There’s no such thing as the ‘voiceless’. There are only the deliberately silenced, or the preferably unheard”.

Moreover, the higher echelons of power in India must be aware of the embers in the region which can erupt into a conflagration anytime, so it’s saner for them to mind their hawkish rhetoric as well as the malevolent incendiary approach that they often use to garner votes as done by the incumbent Prime Minister of India; Narendra Modi.


Kashmiris are longing for the International Community to uphold its lofty moorings to hold India accountable for its grave human rights abuses and insist upon it ameliorating the incessant atrocities by giving them the right to decide their destiny. Again, in the words of Arundhati Roy:

“Azadi (Freedom). It’s the only thing the Kashmiris want. Denial is a delusion.”

At last, the world must be aware of this principle of nature, stated in the words of Martin Luther King, Jr.

“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”

This is a comprehensive essay on the Kashmir issue.

written by Ahsan Ali.

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