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The Role of Social Media Companies in Spreading False News and Rumors


In the modern world, the internet has changed the pattern of communication. It has drastically changed the way of our thinking, talking patterns with our friends and generally our lives too. Social media provides platforms to people for expressing their thoughts, opinions and voice “freely”. In this essay, we are going to discuss whether social media should without any constraints, have a complete right of freedom of speech.

Benefits of Social Media

Social media is a source of news and connects people and groups. For individuals who think that it’s hard to communicate with others face to face, the Internet gives them an incredible way of expressing themselves and not feeling hesitant or apprehensive.Everybody has a right to state what they think, feel and believe thus this is a decent way, as long as it is not offensive or defamatory for others (Zuckerberg, 2018). Social media is a platform that gives people a freedom to communicate and share their thoughts and beliefs. People can share their life experiences, share their view points, be involved in many activities, form support groups and do much more through social media. Although the freedom of speech is a human right, however, the question rises whether this right can be exercised without any considerations for humanity or the sentiments of people (Ian Faria, 2016).

Freedom of Speech-The Negative Perspective

It is evident from the past events that the right of freedom of speech can undoubtedly transform into hate discourse without specific limitations. Moreover, some content written or shared can risk national security and people’s protection, honor and dignity. In the modern world, people of extremist views use the right of freedom of speech to exploit the sentiments of people and brutality, hate content and nudity is shown.

Authorities and the government have to deal these matters frequently. However, the root cause of hate and distasteful content is not social media, it is the writer or the   artist himself. These people can, in one way or another, spread hate and brutality, even if the platform of social media is not provided to them. Free speeches that can inflame brutality and hatred should not be simply drop in the category of “right to speak freely”. According to the article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “Everybody has the right to freedom of expression and opinion, this article also includes the right without any interfering and to pursue, get and communicate information, ideas and knowledge through any channel of media irrespective of border restriction.” (, 2019). While universal human rights law expects states to prevent the most serious types of “hate discourse”, restriction and control methods are seldom a powerful procedure for handling its underlying drivers. The freedom of speech laws are so formed that they only target political disagreements, protests against the governments of different states or the demand of basic rights by people from the government. These laws do not target hate content, nudity, brutality and extremism(Nicholas,2016).


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